In the afternoon before the formal conference presentations begin, optional small, focused workshops have been organized for from 10 to 20 participants and structured to encourage interaction among participants and presenters:
I. Bicycle crash and accident reconstruction
Crash reconstruction is an essential part of preventing crashes and injuries, as well a major factor for judicial decisions in courts worldwide. From the design of pre-crash safety systems to the effective delivery of post-crash medical treatment, the whole chain of events benefits from understanding the circumstances in which the crashes of bicyclists occurred and how the injuries were caused. Accurate reconstruction of a crash enables the researcher to understand the factors that influence the subsequent events in the collision, the trajectories of the kinematics of human movement during and after impact and understand the injury mechanisms. This complex field is also important for the assessment of effectiveness of safety products, e.g. helmet and protective clothes.
The objective of this workshop is to provide an overview of the different techniques used in crash reconstructions pointing out the benefits and limitations of each and to present and contrast approaches used in Europe and North America. The workshop intends to encourage a critical approach to the results of collision reconstruction and to include the assessment of uncertainty as an integral part of the reconstruction process. It has been organized around a set of practical cases that will be discussed openly during the sessions, prepared by experienced scientists in the field.
II. Cycle helmet safety: global harmonization of consumer information rating schemes
Cycle helmets are critical items of personal protective equipment that aim to reduce both the occurrence and severity of head injuries by providing adequate head protection during collisions. The safety performance of a cycle helmet is fundamental to protecting cyclists during a fall or collision; however, very little is known about the relative protective qualities of different cycle helmet models.
To address this issue, a number of research institutes have begun to develop cycle helmet testing and assessment programs to rate the relative safety performance of cycle helmets. These institutes are truly international, with the UK, US, Sweden, Germany, France and Australia all beginning to develop such schemes. To maximize the positive impact of such schemes, the global harmonization of these approaches at an early stage may be beneficial.
This workshop will provide these research institutes with an opportunity to present the latest outcomes of their research, discuss current best practices for testing and assessing cycle helmet safety performance and provide a forum for debating the global harmonization of the various approaches currently being adopted. Finally, the workshop will aim to create a roadmap for achieving a global cycle helmet safety performance consumer information scheme.