Over the last decade, more and more people in the United States are walking and biking as a form of transportation and recreation. However, people living in the United States still face major safety challenges when walking or biking. Nationally from 2006 through 2015, 46,659 people were killed while walking and 7,154 people were killed while biking, together representing 15.1 percent of total traffic deaths over that decade. These numbers have been increasing. In 2013, 5,528 people walking or biking died in traffic crashes. In 2014 that number increased to 5,639 and in 2015 it increased to 6,194 deaths. In addition, research has also demonstrated that people of color and older adults are overrepresented among pedestrian deaths.
A Complete Streets approach integrates people and place in the planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance of our transportation networks. This helps to ensure streets are safe for people of all ages, races, incomes, and abilities, balance the needs of different modes, and support local land uses, economies, cultures, and natural environments. Since the Complete Streets movement began in 2004, over 1,300 communities in the United States have adopted Complete Streets.